Jalan Sederhana ke Strategi Poker Menang

Kembangkan Strategi Poker Kemenangan Anda Sendiri

Jika Anda ingin meningkatkan permainan poker Anda dan membuat serangkaian strategi poker yang membuat Anda memenangkan lebih banyak pot, maka ada sejumlah area yang perlu Anda ulas. Dalam beberapa kasus, pengetahuan Anda mungkin cukup, dan dalam kasus lain Anda mungkin memiliki semuanya salah, jadi yang terbaik adalah menilai keterampilan Anda di setiap bidang.

Meskipun tidak perlu dominoqq  tahu apa-apa tentang sejarah Poker, Anda harus tahu aturan poker, dan bagaimana permainan dimainkan hari ini. Ini termasuk mengetahui peringkat tangan hanya untuk memastikan Anda tahu tangan mana yang mengalahkan tangan yang lain. Ini adalah saat yang tepat untuk meninjau kembali persyaratan yang digunakan dalam permainan, sehingga Anda tidak merasa bodoh di meja.

Selanjutnya Anda harus terbiasa dengan peluang ganja, cara menghitungnya, dan cara menggunakannya untuk membuat keputusan. Mengapa ini penting? Terlalu sering pemain memainkan pasangan kecil dengan harapan bisa melakukan perjalanan, sambil menatap papan yang bisa membantu orang lain membuat rata atau lurus, dan mereka tidak tahu kemungkinan membuat tiga jenis cukup rendah. Sebaliknya, mengetahui peluang lawan Anda untuk mendapatkan apa yang Anda lihat di papan dapat mendorong Anda, jika Anda sudah memiliki tangan yang kuat. Misalnya, hanya ada dua kartu (yang disebut out) yang dapat mengubah pasangan menjadi trip, tetapi lima belas out yang dapat membuat straight-ended straight, flush, atau straight flush. Saya telah menulis tentang itu di artikel sebelumnya, dan Anda harus meneliti area penting ini secara online.

Sekarang Anda tahu tentang peluang pot, alihkan perhatian Anda untuk mempelajari apa kartu awal yang baik. Berikut adalah beberapa aturan dasar:

Tangan Mulai yang Kuat:

· Sepasang kartu tinggi (Aces – Kings – Queens – Jacks – 10’s)
· Ace dan kartu tinggi lainnya Cocok (A – 10 Hati)
· Kartu Wajah Terhubung Cocok (Q – J Sekop)
· Ace dan King Tidak Cocok

Tangan Kekuatan Sedang:

· Wajah + 10 Cocok (Q-10 Berlian)
· Pasangan Sedang (pasangan 9, 8, atau 7)
· Dua Kartu Tinggi Tidak Cocok (A – Q, J, 10 atau KQ hingga J-10)
· Ace dan Medium Suited (A – 9 Hearts)
· Medium Suited Connectors, (10 – 9 Spades (no gap), 7 – 5 Hearts (1 gap))

Bagian dari strategi Anda perlu memasukkan penentuan dalam situasi apa Anda akan memainkan tangan dengan kekuatan sedang atau lebih buruk? Ini mengarah ke area permainan berikutnya, posisi Anda. Jika Anda lebih awal dalam rotasi, maka memainkan tangan dengan kekuatan sedang biasanya merupakan kesalahan. Jika Anda mendapat kenaikan gaji, Anda akan menemukan diri Anda membayar lebih untuk bermain dan Anda akan mengejar sepanjang jalan. Namun jika Anda memeriksa dan tidak ada seorang pun di belakang Anda bertaruh, maka Anda mungkin memainkan tangan Anda atau bahkan mengangkat dan mencoba mencuri tirai. Jadi strategi dan pilihan tangan Anda untuk bermain dimodifikasi oleh posisi Anda, dan tidak dibuat dengan beton hanya berdasarkan kekuatan tangan.

Sekarang Anda perlu fokus pada strategi taruhan, yang sekali lagi tergantung pada kekuatan tangan Anda, dan posisi, dan memperhitungkan apa yang dilakukan lawan Anda. Secara umum, jika Anda memiliki tangan yang baik, Anda akan agresif untuk menghilangkan pemain dengan tangan menggambar yang lebih lemah, kecuali tangan Anda adalah tangan monster, dalam hal ini Anda harus memilih untuk memperlambat permainan, dan membiarkan orang lain menjadi agresor. Jika Anda memainkan kartu berkualitas secara konsisten, lawan Anda akan mengetahuinya, dan sebagai hasilnya Anda kadang-kadang menggertak dan lolos begitu saja. Seorang pemain ‘ketat’ akan jauh lebih berhasil menggertak daripada yang ‘longgar’, dan menggertak bukanlah strategi, itu taktik yang harus digunakan dengan hemat.

Banyak perhatian diberikan untuk membaca lawan Anda dan menemukan ‘jitu’ mereka. Beberapa di antaranya wajar, karena setiap orang memiliki intuisi tentang apakah seseorang mengatakan yang sebenarnya. Secara umum ‘menceritakan’ hanyalah perilaku dan kebiasaan yang secara tidak sadar ditampilkan oleh orang-orang dalam situasi tertentu. Cari tanda-tanda dengan mengamati permainan orang lain terutama ketika Anda tidak berada di tangan. Apakah mereka bermain dengan cepat dalam beberapa situasi dan lambat dalam situasi lain; apakah mereka bisa mengobrol atau diam ketika mereka memiliki tangan atau gertakan? Jika seorang pemain sering melihat kegagalan dan sering terlipat, mereka adalah pemain yang longgar dan cenderung memainkan kartu yang buruk. Tunggu sampai Anda memiliki tangan yang baik dan kemudian menerkam.

Terakhir, pastikan strategi Anda mempertimbangkan tumpukan chip Anda, jumlah pemain di tangan, dan toleransi Anda terhadap risiko. Di sinilah Anda perlu mengubah persneling berdasarkan situasi Anda. Jika Anda menolak risiko maka hanya bermain tangan yang baik, kecuali posisi Anda memberi Anda kesempatan, tetapi begitu Anda berada di tangan Anda harus berkomitmen padanya, atau Anda akan menemukan orang lain mendorong Anda dari tangan Anda dengan permainan longgar dan agresif mereka.

Jika Anda meluangkan waktu untuk mendidik diri sendiri tentang bidang-bidang ini, Anda akan berada di jalan menuju strategi poker yang menang yang akan meningkatkan kesenangan dan uang Anda. Ingatlah bahwa semakin Anda berlatih dan belajar tentang permainan, Anda akan lebih ‘beruntung’.

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Apakah Situs Poker Online Amerika Dicurangi?

Kontroversi mengenai apakah AS harus mengizinkan situs poker online untuk beroperasi sebagian besar berpusat pada validitas apakah situs poker dicurangi. Proses yang dipertanyakan, algoritma dan komputer yang dihasilkan tangan poker memberikan kepercayaan pada fakta bahwa mungkin tidak mungkin untuk secara adil melembagakan permainan poker online yang sebenarnya. Artikel ini mengeksplorasi bagaimana situs poker online Amerika dapat menghindari dilema pokersite yang dicurangi.

Sementara beberapa pemain akan curang di poker online untuk menang, masalah yang lebih besar tidak ditemukan dalam kenyataan itu saja. Ancaman yang bahkan lebih besar bagi setiap pemain poker adalah kenyataan bahwa rumah itu mungkin curang juga. Pemain yang telah terlalu banyak mengisap dalam poker online akan percaya bahwa pokersite juga dicurangi. Setelah semua, karena semua situs poker online menggunakan kode komputer untuk generator nomor acak mereka, ada kemungkinan bahwa keadilan dalam permainan dapat diubah oleh ruang poker tanpa sepengetahuan para pemain atau bahkan badan pengelola di wilayah hukum merekaBandarq online.

Untuk alasan ini, setiap pemain harus dengan hati-hati mendekati permainan online karena probabilitas dan kecenderungan situs poker online Amerika untuk dicurangi adalah fakta nyata. Namun, bahkan ketika ada anomali statistik yang mungkin mengindikasikan poker internet tetap, selalu ada peluang untuk menghindari dan mengatasi pokersite yang dicurangi.

Karena pokersites sepenuhnya bergantung pada kode poker untuk mengocok dan menangani kartu, berdasarkan pada rumus matematika, adalah mungkin untuk mengalahkan formula tersebut jika ada kecurangan. Ini adalah fakta bahwa komputer tidak dapat benar-benar mengacak setumpuk kartu dan memberikan kartu poker yang benar-benar acak. Tangan yang ditangani dibatasi dalam parameter matematika RNG dan algoritma terkait.

Sementara banyak pemain niscaya akan mematuhi situs-situs poker online Amerika yang mencurangi teorema, kenyataannya adalah bahwa situs-situs itu tidak dengan sengaja mencurangi permainan mereka seperti yang diyakini masyarakat, kebenarannya adalah bahwa untuk menangani permainan acak yang efektif, para pokersites mencoba untuk tetap dalam parameter tertentu untuk tampil acak, karena itu ini menghasilkan berkali-kali dalam ketukan buruk poker.

Namun, ada solusi untuk masalah ini, dan itu adalah mempelajari bagaimana algoritma poker yang menangani dan mengocok kartu sebenarnya bekerja. Mengetahui informasi ini akan memberi pemain keuntungan dalam cara memainkan tangan poker mereka. Karena norma statistik harus dipertahankan untuk memberikan tampilan keacakan yang sebenarnya dalam poker online, mengetahui cara di mana algoritma tersebut mendistribusikan kemenangan akan memungkinkan pemain yang berpendidikan untuk meraih peluang ketika ia akan menang dan melipat tangannya ketika ia dikalahkan. .

Sama seperti banyak orang akan percaya bahwa situs poker online yang dicurangi, kenyataannya adalah bahwa poker online tidak lebih dari permainan komputer dengan kode poker yang dirancang untuk meniru permainan kehidupan nyata. Fakta itu tidak terbantahkan, juga fakta bahwa siapa pun yang memiliki pengetahuan yang tepat dapat dengan mudah mengalahkan permainan.

Paul Westin adalah pemain poker profesional di beberapa situs poker online dan mantan insinyur perangkat lunak untuk perusahaan game.

Penelitian terbarunya tentang algoritme kode poker mengungkapkan cara kerja situs-situs poker online dan bagaimana program perangkat lunak yang digunakan pada pokersites memengaruhi hasil permainan Anda.

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You Must Be a Contrarian to Win at Horse Racing!

Betting is a hell of a lot more fun when you win. The public generally views anyone that bets on horse racing as a gambler, translation a “loser.” With my early Computer Group success, I have never considered myself either a gambler or a loser.

You must approach racing with the mindset of a stock market analyst. If you look at it any other way, your just another compulsive gambler. (Sorry if anybody is offended, but we need to keep it real) Racing is a new financial market that is slowly catching up to the rest of the world.

With the invention of peer-to-peer exchange wagering, racing can be attacked, conquered, and soundly beaten. Advanced algorithms we use in our computer programs still have a decided advantage over the public. We are not talking about the software you buy for £49.95 on the internet, but proprietary databases run by main frame computers.

THINK OUT OF THE BOX, BE A CONTRARIAN

To beat the bookmakers and flog the public, you need to “think out of the box” and do the opposite of what their doing. This is only accomplished by contrarian thinking. Instead of betting horses to win, like the rest of the cattle, become a bookmaker and take a stand against public opinion by laying horses to win. If you are a newbie to all this, let me quickly explain that in any event, you can either Back a horse which means your betting to win. Conversely, I take a contrarian position against you, which means I am Laying your horse to lose.

When backing, you bet 10 to win 50. I choose to be on the other side by putting up £50 in order to win 10. Sound crazy. I am asking you to risk a lot to only win a little. Do not leave just yet we are only getting started. Think about it, all your loser friends are betting horses to win year in and year out. Are they retired and living on a golf course, offshore in Paradise, like I am? Or would they rather borrow money from YOU each week until payday.

Casinos and Bookmakers in Las Vegas welcome all comers to bet anything they wish on race horses. Look on the internet, hundreds of casinos will give you a bonus, if you promise to lose money with them. Maybe these casinos and bookmakers are on to something. Bookmakers are successful because they understand the mathematical odds of racing and sports wagering. We started in 1979, and have spent years to learn the accurate mathematics on what constitutes a loser. Most people cannot figure out a system that is foolproof and mathematically correct. Math geniuses are few and far between.

Let us examine this proposition a little bit closer. You are in the position of being David verses Goliath when backing a horse to win. To win, absolutely everything needs to go your way. You need to trust the trainer. Has he been properly placed his horse in a race with his friends. (His friends of course are other horses that he can beat) Next, the Jockey must give you a perfect ride. Do not move to soon, do not get shut off, do not go too fast, is he an apprentice. Ouch, and do not go too slow, or move to late, and most important. Do not fall off.

The horse also needs to cooperate for you to collect. He must feel like running today. Those new blinkers or tongue ties need to work. What about that deep muddy track or the artificial surface, has he run well on it before? He cannot become spooked by a new track surface that is new to him. There are a million more little tidbits that can separate you from your cash.

Allow me to take a look at the Lay side of this same event. I have decided to error on the side of the casinos and bookmakers. I will bet that your horse will not win, I will be laying him to lose. Last time I looked, they were constructing some pretty nice casinos with this kind of thinking. And the good news is, you will need everything to go right. I only need one thing for you to go wrong. I also have another huge bonus. I have every other horse in the race running for me. So in a race of 15 runners, I am cheering for any of 14 of them to win. If you have spent years backing horses and going home a loser, maybe it is time to switch teams and start laying horses.

Horse Racing Injuries and Horse Slaughter – Prevention Through Breeding Control

I have been aware of horse slaughter since I was a kid. It was a well known fact Thoroughbred ex-race horses that came through the barn had one shot to make it in the hunter/jumper ring (as riding horses). If a horse didn’t stay at the barn, we knew the horse would end up back at dealers, and dealer returns meant the horse was going to slaughter.

As a child, horse slaughter was simply a fact. Now, it’s almost a necessity. I don’t agree with slaughtering horses, nor do I want any horse to end up at a slaughterhouse, but our society produces far too many unwanted horses.

I receive emails on a weekly basis from several different horse industry and horse welfare news streams. Every time I read one of these legislative “updates”, I wonder: When is horse slaughter legislation going to start with the cause of unwanted horses?

Though anti horse slaughter groups have successfully shut down horse slaughterhouses in America, horse breeding has only increased. If horses at auction don’t wind up at slaughter, where are all the “unwanted” horses going to go? As with the millions of unwanted dogs and cats who are euthanased every year, it would be nice if we could say unwanted horses are “humanely destroyed.” But, horses are just not that easy to put down. Besides being big, difficult to transport, to house, and to feed, horses cost several hundred dollars to put down. For “humane” treatment, horses need not only feed, water, and vaccinations, but also farrier care and often special nutritional, veterinary, and stabling.

When is horse slaughter legislation going to start with the cause of unwanted horses?
Horses end up at auction if they can’t be sold privately, can’t be cared for, or are (simply) unwanted. If a horse owner sends an “unwanted” horse to auction and the horse doesn’t sell, what happens to the horse? If the previous owner can’t or won’t care for the horse, who will?

It’s the same with the overpopulation of dogs and cats. It’s better to have a humane society take an unwanted pet and euthanize it than have a pet return to a home where it isn’t wanted or cannot be cared for. But again, horses are extremely difficult and expensive to care for. Some say re-homing unwanted horses is not a big deal since the total number of American horses slaughtered per year “only” equals about 1% of the total American horse population. Based on current horse populations (about 9 million in the US), 90,000 “homeless” horses is still a lot of horses. With hay prices up, gas prices up, and affordable land becoming more scarce, most horse people in any part of the country will tell you; “you can’t even give ’em away these days.”

Some anti-slaughter activists like to claim horse “kill buyers” are outbidding nice families in search of a pet. Really? If a “nice family” is only willing to spend $100, maybe a $150 on a horse, will they be willing to spent another $150 on vaccines once the vet comes out? What about hoof care every six weeks? Hay, grain, shavings? Proper fencing? Does the nice family have money set aside for emergency transport and thousands of dollars worth of colic surgery? Kill buyers, yes, may be out bidding families (occasionally), but this does not mean the family has means to care for the long term health of the horse.

To minimize horse slaughter and unwanted horses, we need a better plan.

Currently, there are no horse slaughterhouses operating in the United States. Despite anti-slaughter group efforts, American horse slaughterhouses have been successfully shut down, but now horses are just sent over the border to Mexico and Canada where the treatment and killing of animals is even less humane than under American standards.

In many ways, the U.S. slaughter ban has already hurt horse welfare.
For reference, American slaughterhouses used retractable pneumatic bolts to render horses unconscious (in theory) before slitting their throats. However, in Mexico, it’s common practice to stab horses in the back repeatedly until their spinal cord is severed.

In many ways, the U.S. horse slaughter ban has already hurt horse welfare. Now, anti-slaughter groups are attempting to ban horses exported for slaughter altogether. Despite the fact this new law could be easily circumvented by horse “kill dealers” simply labeling horses transported across the border as “for riding” instead of “for slaughter”, we need to first think about minimizing the unwanted horse population before tackling the issue of horse slaughter.

Lets look at some facts:

  • According to the USDA, 45,000 horses went to slaughter in Mexico in 2007, and another 26,000 went to Canada (total, 71,000+).
  • According to the Jockey Club, 56,000 Thoroughbred mares were bred in 2007.
  • According to the Thoroughbred Times, Thoroughbred race horses averaged 25 starts per life in 1950; by 1994, the average Thoroughbred ran just 14 races.

What does this mean? More Thoroughbreds running less races equals more waste. Due to over breeding of the Thoroughbred, not only does the Thoroughbred Times conclude Thoroughbred races horses are less sound than 60 years ago , but also, they are less used.

Moreover, why have we not had a Triple Crown winner in Thoroughbred horse racing since Affirmed in 1978? Could it be that the only requirements for breeding a Thoroughbred horse are a papered mare and money for a stud fee?

I imagine, even in 1978, horse breeding and racing wasn’t an incredibly easy or cheap “hobby”. Then, not every backyard horse owner could afford a.) a papered Thoroughbred mare, or b.) a 500 mile haul to the stallion. Today, cheap, seedy racetracks are numerous and vastly outnumber the celebrity packed racing events profiled on T.V. It is perceived as “easy” now for anyone to think they can breed the next Kentucky Derby winner. For $250, someone can pick up a lame and unproven (and possibly even unraced) Thoroughbred mare and breed her to an equally lame or unproven Thoroughbred stallion for as little as $300. Boom! For less than a beater car, you too can own the next derby champ!

Horse Ownership Through Horse Racing Partnerships

Unlike other sports where team ownership is financially impractical for most people, horse racing has introduced several ways for people to participate in horse ownership through racing partnerships. This series of articles will span several months so you can become acquainted with this potential opportunity.

So You Are Considering Owning A Race Horse?
So why buy a race horse you may be asking? There are many reasons behind such a purchase, most are emotional. I love horses, I enjoy going to the track and watching them race. I enjoy occasionally placing a few dollars down on any number of betting strategies. But the most important reason for me is that there is no greater pleasure then standing in the winners circle after a race when your pride and joy crossed the finish line first. Or listening to a prominent handicapper of the caliber of Andy Serling (NYRA), telling you that your horse should win the race.

A race horse like any other investment you may consider requires an understanding of the business of horse racing. Starting off simply, there are several horse racing events you can consider; Thoroughbred, Harness (Standardbred), Quarters, Rodeo, Barrel and Equestrian to name a few. We will focus on Thoroughbred Racing because it is the most prominent and accessible.

So How Does A Horse Racing Partnership Make Money?
Your horse will be entered into a race that has prize money or a purse connect to it. Typically, the top five finishers receive money from the total purse for a race. This is where the money is earned. So the kinds of races your horse enters is important because you do not want to enter your horse into a race where he/she has little chance of cashing in. The money the horse earns from racing goes to covering the cost of maintaining the horse while anything left over can be considered profit.

The frequency a horse competes is also of importance because most Thoroughbred Horses race once per month. So ‘cashing’ is important because if the horse does not win any money, the maintenance costs still need to be covered. Whether this is a partnership or complete ownership, the monthly fee is what determines the viability of the investment.

Acquiring The Thoroughbred
Naturally, you can go to the Auctions and Sales that are offered throughout the country; receive the list of horses being offered, trace the breed lines for each horse being auctioned and bid on the horse. Of course, this is beyond the scope for most people and would require an enormous amount of time, effort and expertise. But, in order to get into the racing business, this needs to get done and selecting the right people to do this research is part of the equation. It is also, one of the primary reasons that horse racing partnerships have become an attractive alternative. The partnerships have access to this expertise and factor that cost across all the partnerships they offer.

So Where Do You Get The Information?
While the Internet is a wonderful source for this information, there is nothing better than an up close and personal look. Like buying a race care you want to look under the hood and I strongly recommend it.

Each year Belmont Racetrack like most Racetracks across the country, host a new owner’s luncheon. I attended the luncheon and the cost was $50 per person but will vary from track to track. These sessions are very informative. The organizers (New York Racing Association) try their best to convince you that you should treat this like a hobby but whenever I am told that at the end of every year I will receive a K-1 Tax Form, I consider it an investment. All the speakers at the luncheon reinforced one common thread; don’t go into this business expecting to make money quickly and that was refreshing.

Trainers Are The Key
Several key speakers at the luncheon I attended were Gary Contessa, one of the leading trainers at Belmont and Aqueduct, and Kieran McLaughlin, an Eclipse Award winning trainer and winner of the Belmont Stakes. Both were very open and up front regarding their fees. Trainers are more than willing to meet with people interested in owning race horses, they will invite you to spend a day at their barn and answer any questions you may have.

Interview as many trainers as possible. Ultimately, you need to trust your trainer and while you are paying the bills, it is your trainer that will deal with the day to day care and training of your horse. The bottom line, it will cost approximately $100.00 per day to care for your horse (however Mr. McLaughlin charges a little more). This charge includes; trainer’s fee, tack, feed, bedding, office, shoes, travel; Vet or medical fees tend to be bundled with this but may be separate. Please note, this is an average cost in New York and naturally the numbers will be different from state to state. Also, any number of things can go wrong thus increasing your cost. For example, if your horse gets sick or hurt, fees will increase.

Mr. McLaughlin was kind enough to take us to his barn. The barn was clean and his horses were obviously very well taken care of. Every horse was well groomed, the stalls immaculate, and I got to pet Soldat! His assistant was there with us and was very helpful, answering all our questions.

Partnership Management Make The Difference
There were several Racing Partnerships represented at the luncheon. The Partnership offers you the opportunity to purchase a percentage or number of shares of a horse. This method of ownership allows people who have modest amounts of disposable income to own a piece of a race horse. On average, the smallest share you can purchase is 3% but some partnerships do offer lower percentages.

Each partnership is run a little differently and here the Internet is helpful because most of the partnerships have websites. Check out as many as you can. Some of the partnerships charge an up front fee, some take a percentage of the purse money earned, some do both.

We met with Tom Bellhouse, representing West Point Thoroughbreds, they own King Congie. Also present was Rich Christiano, of Sovereign Stables, they own Negligee. Both were excellent sources for describing the different types of partnerships they offered. They run and manage the partnership make those decisions and deal with the day to day headaches. Those decisions include but are not limited to, when, where and what race your horse is entered in. They manage the partnership and the success of the partnership is their primary concern.

The buy-in cost to participate in the partnership will vary depending on many factors. This is your initial investment, so carefully read all information about this amount. The average cost for a maintaining a horse in training in New York is approximately $50,000/year. So if you own a 5% share of a horse, the on-going cost is $2,500/year. That average cost basically includes the cost for the trainer (since the trainer’s barn, houses the horse). In our example, you own a 5% stake, the maintenance cost is about $210.00 per month. You will be billed quarterly, in advance. So, your quarterly maintenance cost would be $630.00 per quarter. Again, this is assuming your horse requires no extra care (if the horses does then this extra cost is spread across the number of partners in the partnership). Remember the numbers I am quoting are relative, that means, you need to read and understand these costs before you enter into the partnership. Again, read the prospectus carefully and ask questions.

Check your local race track, I am sure they will be hosting something similar to the event I attended. If not contact some local trainers, they will be more than willing to meet with you to discuss horse ownership.

The Internet is one of the best sources of information to begin your research. This is your money, you are responsible for the decisions you make. There is nothing like the rush you will get as you watch your horse run in a race, regardless of whether they win or not! Just remember you are considering a HIGH RISK Investment, you are purchasing an athlete, a living breathing life, so be prepared for the ride of your life!

Know About The History of Horse Racing

There has been horse racing of sorts for many many years. Horse racing began in Assyria in c.1500 B.C. and Chariot Racing was a popular event in Roman Times. It was in fact the Romans who are thought to have ran the first horse race in the UK, however the first actual recorded event of a meeting was in 1174, this took place at a horse fair in the north-west part of London called Smithfield.

Royal Connections
The Royal Family are behind many of the historic developments that changed and shaped racing over the years, with Henry II importing horses specifically for breeding and Charles II being the first to introduce a set of rules in 1664 (for the Newmarket Town Plate). It was in 1752 the Jockey Club formed and penned The Rules of Racing.

First horse races
The Derby is the oldest flat race having begun in 1780 at the Earl of Derby’s estate in Epsom, it was run on a sweepstakes basis and is still of course being run every year now, as is the Grand National which was first run in 1856, however the first recorded national hunt (as we know it now) race was in Cork, Ireland in 1752, it was a 4 miles 5 furlongs contest between two church steeples and that is the reason the term ‘steeplechase’ was coined.

Purpose and types of horse racing
The purpose of a H.race is to determine the fastest of two or more horses over a specific distance with the first horse to cross the winning line being the winner.

Horse Racing Categories – Flat
In the UK and Ireland there are three variations of race categories. The first is Flat Racing, where horses run over a distance between 5 furlongs and 2 miles 6 furlongs on turf. The flat season starts in March and runs through to November with varying quality of races with Group 1 contests being the highest. The youngest horses competing on the flat are 2 years old.

Horse Racing Categories – All Weather
All Weather Racing is the second race category and is similar to flat racing other than contests take place on an artificial surface, which can be used all year round (hence the name All Weather). Many of the All Weather H.racing tracks also have floodlit tracks meaning they can offer night racing.

Horse Racing Categories – National Hunt
The third category is National Hunt where horses compete on turf over longer distances ranging from 1 mile 6 furlongs (very minimal number of junior bumper races) and 4 miles 4 furlongs. Within National Hunt there are further classification types, these are Bumpers (also known as National Hunt Flat races) where there are no obstacles and are aimed at giving horses the experience of competing on a race track, Chases where the competitors must clear fences and Hurdles where they must jump hurdles. This means for example that you can have a handicap chase or a maiden hurdle etc. The difference between a fence and a hurdle is quite significant with a fence being sturdier and higher. A hurdle race will only contain hurdles whereas a chase can contain a variety of obstacles including water jumps and ditches as well as fences.

Horse Racing Classification
Within each category of racing there are different types of contests dependent on a horse’s experience and ability. Generally races are categorised by an age group (for example 4 year olds+) and/or an official rating bracket (a score given to each horse by the handicapper based on its performance to date). Maiden races are for horses who have not yet won a race. Handicaps are when a horse is weighted dependent on its past ability – in an ideal world, a handicap should result in all horses crossing the finish line at the same time. Nursery races are handicap races on the flat/all weather for two year old horses. Non handicaps are when all horses carry the same weight (although this figure can be adjusted based on penalties applied as set out in the race terms – for example the rules may state that all horses will carry 9 stone but that an additional weight of 3 pounds will be applied to horses who have won in the last 6 weeks).

The Top Horse Racing Track Bias in the United States

In the 21st century of horse racing there is no downplaying the importance of track bias. The condition of the horse racing track and the affect weather has on it can turn a favorite into a loser and a long shot into a potential winner.

If you go to Vegas and they say there is a fix on roulette and it rarely hits above 22 would you believe them? Well this actually happens at particular races in horse racing and this is called track bias.

In Pilmlico in Baltimore, MD where the first turn is less than a small throw away from the starting gate in 1 1/16 mile races. Horses with sprint speed and inside post positions have a clear cut winning edge. Conversely horses forced to break from the post positions 9-> 12 have to be far more superior and perfectly ridden to have a prayer. Horse tracks that are sealed usually promote early speed. That is just one example here are a summary of the best tracks in the US and their own Bias~ Enjoy!!

Aqueduct

Located in Ozone Park, New York this track was rebuilt in 1959 and has 1 1/8 mile dirt oval for the spring and fall meets with a smaller one mile dirt track for the winter.

The main dirt track seems to favor the inside speed at full 1 1/8 distance. Inside speeds also tend to do well at 5 and 5 1/2 furlongs. There is not true build in bias that has been apparent at 6 furlongs although early speed is always an advantage to 6 furlongs on NYRA tracks. In the 6 1/2 furlongs to one mile distances it appears the outer post positions are a plus with the starting gate is in the back stretch being a long way from the far turn. A Horse that has tactical speed is another plus at these distances.

On the one mile inner dirt track for the winter meets the inside rail has been historically important at all distances especially the 1 mile 70 yards with 2 turns. They have changed the track a little bit in 2008-2009 if the track is thawing out after a good freeze a surprising edge goes to horses using mid track lanes off the pace. Its important to take notes of a particular track to view upcoming changes in bias or grounds keeper shifting things up but these bias are up to date.

Belmont Park

Located in Belmont, New York this is the largest track in America. Belmont has 2 important race meets: the spring/summer meet, which has the famous Belmont Stakes and the Fall Championship meet.

In the Spring the main track tends to favor the early speed at distances up to seven furlongs, while the races that are run up to 1 1/8 tend to be won by stalkers and middle running stretch-runners. In one turn races stalkers who have the outer post positions tend to have an edge due to the nice sweeping turns. These big wide turns also tend to favor the large body horses who may not have the quickness of more compact runners but are capable of sustained runs at above average rate of speed.

In the Fall the rail becomes deeper and slower than the rest of the strip, which improves the changes of stalkers and closers even more. At the distance of 1 1/4 mile distances the outer post positions are forced to overcome and avoid problems with this wide trip. This is true for the Belmont at this distance regardless the time of year.

Belmont’s 2 turf courses have portable rails to protect the inside paths from being used to much. Most turf races are won by horses with solid late speed burst with this track front runners tend to improve their overall stats here.

Churchill Downs

Located in Louisville, KY with the famous Kentucky Derby being raced here yearly this track has some identifiable features as well.

The inside posts have an edge on this track in two turn races at 1 1/16 miles and at 7 furlongs along with one mile distances out of the backstretch are prime for deep closers. Churchill’s dirt racing surface is actually made differently than any other track in America. Most tracks have limestone and then dirt built on top of it Churchill has no such base. This track is mixed with a deep layer of soil, clay and organic materials packed down several feet below the surface.

When wet the main track actually becomes faster and in hours or a day after the rainstorm the surface could become the best racing surface available in horse racing. However when Churchill is dry it pays to keep track of the horses that do not like this unusual deep strip it will save you some cash in the long run.

Fair Grounds

Located in New Orleans, Louisiana this track was reopened in 2003 after being burned to the ground in 1993. With the new slots being added to the track the purses have raised at the fairgrounds giving New Orleans a good source of revenue.

With a long stretch that comes in to play at the Fair Grounds the inside posts do not have sufficient speed to take advantage of the short run to the first turn and affects routes along with sprints. However after a good rain the inside rail can be a big advantage due to unusual drainage patterns.

A good note on this track is the turf course~ It has deep roots and quite different from other Turf horse racing tracks. You want to continue to look at a horses form but the horses that like to race on this turf tend to replicate their performance when they returning to it.

Fairplex Park

Located in Pomona, CA this small 5 furlong track was open back in 1932. The tight turns nullify the logical advantage that inside post should have and has a opposite bias in the opposite directing in 3 turn races beyond a mile.

As a main rule the track is fair but the horses do not handle the sharp turns well and the jockey who has a special skill in the area plays a big factor. A recent jockey Martin Pedroza is a dominator at this park and has this very skill.

GulfStream Park

Located in Hallandale, FA this park was completely rebuilt during 2004-2006 with the track enlarged and a small seating capacity that is controversial. The Gulfsteream has a strong speed bias during the winter-springs meets. In route races horses in outer post positions have little chance to win. In 2006 and 2008 Big Brown and Barbaro overcame outer post positions and they went on to be great.

Watch for the cooler than usual weather this speed bias can be overcame. The widely discussed speed bias can play in your favor the other way as well. It pays to bet against the bias when a suicidal speed seems likely to occur. A sharp handicapping ability trumps everything else.